The school was founded by Walter Gropius in conservative Weimar in 1919 as a merger of the Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts and the Weimar Academy of Fine Art it was closed 1933 because the Nazi ordered it. This school was place orginally in Weimar, Germany but they also had other schools in Dessau and Berlin. The teachers of this school were the artist of that time like Wassily Kandinsky, Johannes Itten, Gerhard Marcks, László Moholy-Nagy and many more.
The school’s philosophy basically stated that the artist should be trained to work with the industry. One of the main objectives of the Bauhaus was to unify art, craft, and technology. The machine was considered a positive element, and therefore industrial and product design were important components. Vorkurs ("initial" or "preliminary course") was taught; this is the modern day Basic Design course that has become one of the key foundational courses offered in architectural and design schools across the globe. There was no teaching of history in the school because everything was supposed to be designed and created according to first principles rather than by following precedent.
What I like about them is that their styles can be used still nowdays and you would think that it is was done specially for this days but no they have more than 80 years done. They were modernist with brilliant visions and simplicity in the line of making things and making them also usefull. The predominant color scheme were the basic ones red, yellow, blue, white, black, silver. They use the geometric form to create almost everything that was their basic structures.
The Bauhaus masters on the roof of the Bauhaus building in Dessau.
From the left: Josef Albers, Hinnerk Scheper, Georg Muche, László Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer, Joost Schmidt, Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Vassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, Gunta Stölzl and Oskar Schlemmer.